What are the key inequalities?
- COPD is predominantly caused by smoking hence the main key inequalities are the same for smoking. Smoking has a higher prevalence in deprived communities (see chapter on ‘Tobacco Control’)
- Deprived populations have the highest prevalence and the highest under-diagnosis of COPD
- Nationally, there are ethnic disparities with black men in deprived urban areas having particularly high risk
Last updated Friday, 22nd April 2016