Respiratory health

What are the key inequalities?

  • COPD is predominantly caused by smoking hence the main key inequalities are the same for smoking.  Smoking has a higher prevalence in deprived communities (see chapter on ‘Tobacco Control’)
  • Deprived populations have the highest prevalence and the highest under-diagnosis of COPD
  • Nationally, there are ethnic disparities with black men in deprived urban areas having particularly high risk

Last updated Friday, 22nd April 2016