Respiratory health

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an umbrella term that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.  It is characterised clinically by airflow obstruction and is usually progressive, not fully reversible and does not change markedly over several months.  This disease is predominantly caused by smoking (1) and the prevalence is strongly associated with age.  However, other factors, such as occupational exposures, may also contribute to the development of COPD.

References

(1) Viegi G (2001).  Epidemiology of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).  Respiration;68:4–19

 


Last updated Friday, 22nd April 2016