Tobacco control and smoking

Smoking related mortality and morbidity

Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and dramatically reduces both quality of life and life expectancy.  Smoking causes lung cancer, respiratory disease and heart disease as well as numerous cancers in other organs including lip, mouth, throat, bladder, kidney, stomach, liver and cervix (1). Helping people to stop smoking is one of the most cost effective ways to improve healthy life expectancy, reduce avoidable hospital admissions and reduce health inequalities.

Central Bedfordshire has lower rates of smoking attributable mortality than the England average. 

Smoking Related Mortality

Smoking Related Mortality, Source: Tobacco Profiles - Smoking Prevalence Integrated Household Survey

Smokers are much more likely to suffer from a long term condition.  Among heavy smokers 44% self report a long tem illness or disability compared with 32% of never smoker (2)

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) causes 24,000 deaths in England every year and smoking accounts for as many as 85% of COPD related deaths.
  • People suffering from asthma who are smoking experience higher rates of hospitalisation, worse symptoms and more rapid decline in lung function than those with asthma who do not smoke.  Exposure to second-hand smoke also increases the risk of childhood asthma by up to 85%.
  • Smoking significantly increases the risk of heart disease and stroke with smokers being two to three times more likely to have a stroke.
  • Smokers with diabetes have increases risk of complications and premature death (3). Those in socio-economic groups are significantly more likely to have a long term condition and higher rates of smoking; this has significant implications for their health and well being.  Smokers are likely to need care on average nine years earlier than non smokers

References


Last updated Friday, 22nd April 2016